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7 strategies in teaching Children with Visual Perceptual Issues.

Updated: Apr 5, 2023

Visual perceptual issues refer to difficulties with the brain's ability to interpret and make sense of visual information that is seen through the eyes. This can include problems with visual processing, visual memory, and visual discrimination, which can affect an individual's ability to understand and interact with their environment.
Some common visual perceptual issues include:

Visual discrimination: Difficulty in distinguishing between similar-looking objects or shapes.

Visual memory: Difficulty in recalling visual information or recognizing visual patterns.

Visual-spatial relationships: Difficulty in understanding and interpreting the relationship between objects in space.

Visual closure: Difficulty in recognizing a familiar object or pattern when parts of it are missing.

Visual figure-ground: Difficulty in distinguishing an object from its background.

Visual sequencing: Difficulty in identifying the order or sequence of visual information.

Children with visual perceptual issues may struggle with tasks that involve visual discrimination, visual memory, visual sequencing, and spatial relationships. Here are some strategies that may help when teaching children with visual perceptual issues:


• Use visual aids: Using visual aids such as pictures, diagrams, and models can help children with visual perceptual issues better understand concepts and instructions.

• Break down tasks: Break down tasks into smaller, more manageable steps, and provide clear and concise instructions for each step. This will help children with visual perceptual issues better understand what they need to do.

• Provide hands-on activities: Hands-on activities such as building blocks, puzzles, and drawing can help children with visual perceptual issues improve their spatial awareness and fine motor skills.
• Practice visual discrimination: Provide activities that require visual discrimination, such as matching objects or identifying differences between pictures. This will help children with visual perceptual issues improve their ability to distinguish between similar objects or patterns.

• Incorporate movement: Incorporate movement into activities to help children with visual perceptual issues better understand spatial relationships. For example, have them move objects around a board to understand directionality or ask them to walk around a room to understand different perspectives.

• Consider visual aids for reading: For children who struggle with reading due to visual perceptual issues, consider using colored overlays or tinted glasses to reduce visual stress and improve reading fluency.

• Consult with a specialist: Consult with a specialist, such as an occupational therapist or vision therapist, who can provide individualized strategies to help children with visual perceptual issues.

They can help individuals with visual perceptual issues by providing interventions and strategies to improve visual processing and perceptual skills. This may include activities such as visual scanning, tracking, and visual memory exercises, as well as modifications to the environment or the use of adaptive equipment.

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